The Numbers 1-13 in the Mayan Sacred Calendar


Each of the 260 day signs in the Sacred Calendar pairs a nahual with a number from 1-13. The higher the number, the stronger the influence of the nahual's energy, so a 10 Eagle would demonstrate more intense Eagle qualities, such as ambition, that a 2 Eagle.

Esoteric Meanings of Numbers 1-13

Each number also has an esoteric meaning, such as 1 meaning unity and beginnings. Not all Maya groups agree on the meaning of all the numbers. The information provided here is a synthesis based on what most agree upon, rather than merely what a particular tribe belives. Research on this topic is ongoing, so this page may be updated.

Even the nahual that governs each day in the trecena is tinted by the trecena ruler, which should be considered when interpreting the day’s nahual on one’s life.


For example, 1 Dog (T’zi) affects the meaning of the following day sign, 2 Wind (Iq). Dog’s core meaning is guidance or counsel.

As trecena ruler, Dog is telling us to seek guidance before acting on the meaning of Wind, which signifies “breath of life” or imagination.” In some situations, it could mean to give such counsel to others.

The lesser meanings of a nahual, such as Dog’s meaning of loyalty and faithfulness, might be brought into play in some readings. This would hinge on the individual’s life situation. If a couple is involved, for example, it is definitely a consideration.

Spiritually, each trecena is a time to honor and respect the nahual of is ruler by reflecting on it throughout all thirteen days.


How to Find the Trecena Ruler

Look up today’s day sign, such as 5 Sun, on the Calendar Board. To find the current trecena ruler, look for the first day sign beginning with 1 that precedes 5 Sun. This would be 1 Vulture (Aqmaj).

To find the next trecena ruler, do the same but use the day sign that follows today’s sign. Here the next trecena would begin on 1 Water (T’oj).



Researched and written in Guatemala, The Mayan Calendar User's Guide reveals astrological techniques and secrets never before published in the English language.

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